10 Essential Legal Documents Every Startup Needs to Secure Their Business


When starting a business, many founders of businesses prioritize product development and marketing. However, a crucial aspect of a startup’s success is having a proper legal framework to protect the company from potential risks. In this blog post, we will discuss 10 essential legal documents every startup needs to secure its business. You can probably find free templates for these documents on the internet, but if you want your business entity well organized and prepared for the world of business, it is wise to consult with a business attorney on these contracts.

How can a startup ensure they have the correct legal documents in place?

Legal Documents Every Startup NeedsStarting a new business can be a thrilling and rewarding experience, but it also comes with its share of legal challenges. As a startup, ensuring that you have the correct legal documents in place is crucial for your success. Here are some steps to help you navigate the legal landscape and protect your business:

  1. Consult with a lawyer: The first step for any startup is to consult with a lawyer who specializes in business law. They can help you understand the legal requirements for your business and the types of legal documents you need to have in place. Hiring a lawyer may seem like an additional cost, but it can save you money and time in the long run.
  2. Create a business plan: A comprehensive business plan can help you identify the legal requirements for your business. It should include your company’s structure, products and services, financial projections, and other relevant details. A business plan serves as a roadmap for your company’s growth and an essential document when seeking funding and working with partners.
  3. Register your business: Registering your business with the appropriate government authorities is a legal requirement. You may need to obtain a business license, tax identification number, and other permits, depending on your industry and location. It’s also crucial to register your trademarks, patents, and copyrights to protect your intellectual property. If you want to operate under an assumed name, or doing business as (DBA), you will have to file for that in your state as well.
  4. Draft legal documents: Various legal documents are needed to protect your business’s interests, such as contracts, LLC Operating Agreements, shareholder agreements, IP assignments, and employment contracts. A lawyer can help you draft these documents to ensure they meet legal requirements and protect your business from potential legal disputes.
  5. Have a privacy policy: It’s essential to have a privacy policy that outlines how your company collects, uses, and protects personal information. This document is especially crucial if you collect or store customer data, as it helps protect your business from legal issues related to data privacy.
  6. Create terms of service: Your startup’s terms of service outline the rules and regulations that govern the use of your product or service. This document should include limitations of liability, warranties, and disclaimers. It’s vital to have clear terms of service to avoid legal disputes with customers or clients.
  7. Purchase insurance: Insurance is an essential step in protecting your business from unforeseen risks. Different types of insurance, such as liability insurance or property insurance, can help mitigate risks and protect your startup from financial losses.
  8. Establish a dispute resolution process: It’s essential to have a clear dispute resolution process in place to handle any legal disputes that may arise. This process should outline the steps to take when dealing with disputes and the methods for resolving them.
  9. Keep records: Keeping accurate records is essential for any business. It helps you stay organized and provides evidence if legal issues arise. Ensure you keep records of your contracts, financial transactions, and any legal documents related to your business.
  10. Review and update documents regularly: Finally, it’s crucial to review and update your legal documents regularly. As your business evolves, your legal requirements may change,so it’s important to ensure your documents reflect these changes. This includes reviewing and updating your contracts, privacy policy, terms of service, and other legal documents regularly. By doing so, you can avoid potential legal issues and ensure your business is protected at all times.

Section 1: Business Formation Documents

To establish a legal entity for your business, there are several business formation documents that you will need. These documents include the Articles of Incorporation, Articles of Organization, or Certificate of Formation, depending on the type of structure you choose. They establish the legal existence of your business and provide a structure for decision-making. Your business’s structure can significantly impact its taxation, liability protection, and the ease of obtaining funding.

Incorporation Documents

In addition to the formation documents that establish your startup business’s legal existence, you will also need to create a corporate entity or organization document. Incorporation or organization documents are the agreement between the owners of a business to form a corporation and outline the company’s internal governance structure. This document should include information about the management structure, ownership rights, voting rights, dividend rights, and other decisions related to the operations of the business. By creating this document, small businesses can avoid being a sole proprietorship, which exposes them to unlimited liability and potential tax issues. Furthermore, creating this document is an important step when looking for investors as it will provide them with details on how they will have an influence on the company.

Section 2: Employment Agreements

Employment agreements outline the terms of employment between an employer and an employee. These agreements outline compensation, expectations, termination clauses, and confidentiality clauses. They protect both the employer and the employee by clearly stating each party’s responsibilities.

Section 3: Intellectual Property (IP) Agreements

Intellectual property agreements protect a startup’s creative works, trademarks, patents, copyrights, and trade secrets. They outline how these ideas are owned, used, and protected. These agreements can significantly impact investment decisions by providing reassurance that a company’s valuable assets will not be taken advantage of.

Section 4: Partnership Agreements

If your startup is a partnership, having a partnership agreement is essential. A partnership agreement defines the roles and responsibilities of each partner. It outlines how profits and losses will be distributed, the decision-making process, and the terms for leaving the partnership. Without a well-drafted partnership agreement, partnership disputes can arise, creating a long, stressful, and costly legal battle.

Section 5: Investor Agreements

At some point, your startup may require investment funding to scale, grow, and reach its full potential. However, before a startup receives investment, the investor will typically request an investor agreement to outline the terms of the investment. This agreement defines the valuation of the company, the percentage of ownership, the dividends given to investors, and how the investment can be converted. Having a well-drafted investor agreement is essential to protect the company and its investors.

Section 6: Non-Disclosure Agreements

Non-disclosure agreements, or NDAs, help protect a startup’s intellectual property and confidential information. NDAs are particularly crucial when presenting a new product or idea to potential investors or partners, as keeping information confidential is crucial to a startup’s success.

Section 7: Commercial Lease Agreements

A commercial lease agreement is a contract between a tenant and a landlord that outlines the obligations, terms, and agreements of their property lease. Startups looking for office space must ensure they have a well-drafted commercial lease agreement to avoid disagreements with their landlord about the rent, repairs, and other obligations.

What documents are particularly important for startups operating online?

For startups operating online, there are certain documents that are particularly important to ensure legal compliance and protect the interests of the business. These documents include:

  1. Terms of Service:
  2. Privacy Policy:
  3. Website Disclaimer:

Section 8: Privacy Policies

A Privacy Policy is critical for startups that collect user data. This document explains how personal information is collected, used, and shared, and outlines the measures taken to protect user privacy. If a startup is collecting and processing customer data, it must have a privacy policy to inform its customers about its data collection practices. This policy provides transparency about how data is stored, shared, and accessed. Having a privacy policy not only protects your customers but also protects your startup from potential legal repercussions.

Website Disclaimer:

A website disclaimer is a legal statement that limits the liability of the website owner for any damages incurred by users. It’s important to include this document to protect your startup from legal action resulting from user actions.

Section 9: Terms of Service Agreements

A Terms of Service agreement outlines the rules and regulations that govern the use of your website or app. It’s important to include information about user obligations, prohibited conduct, disclaimers of liability, and intellectual property rights. Having a well-drafted terms of service agreement is essential as it includes items such as liability limitations, dispute resolution claims, and cancellation clauses. Together, these components protect your startup from misuse of its product or service, providing a sense of safety for both customers and the company.

Section 10: Corporate Bylaws & Shareholders Agreements

Corporate by-laws define the rules and procedures for how a corporation operates. They contain items such as how the board is elected, the date and time of meetings, and how shareholders vote. Having well-drafted corporate by-laws can ensure that the business is operating in a fair, transparent, and efficient manner.

What is the significance of having a shareholders’ agreement?

In the world of business, shareholder agreements are crucial for companies that have multiple shareholders or owners. This document lays out the framework of the relationship between shareholders and outlines each person’s rights and responsibilities, protecting the interests of all involved parties.

One of the most significant benefits of a shareholder agreement is the protection it provides for minority shareholders. In many cases, a small group of shareholders may hold the majority of shares in a company, which can put minority shareholders at risk of being marginalized or having their interests ignored. A shareholder agreement can help to prevent this from happening by setting out clear rules that ensure that all shareholders are treated fairly and equally.

Another important aspect of a shareholder agreement is that it can help to avoid disputes between shareholders. Business disputes can be costly and time-consuming, and they can often cause damage to the company’s reputation. A well-crafted shareholder agreement can help to minimize the risk of disputes by outlining clear rules for decision-making, voting rights, and dispute resolution.

Additionally, a shareholder agreement can help to ensure that the company is run in a way that is consistent with the shareholders’ wishes. This can be especially important in cases where a company has a diverse group of shareholders with varying opinions on how the business should be run.

Overall, a shareholder agreement is a powerful tool for protecting the interests of all shareholders involved in a company. It helps to promote transparency, fairness, and accountability, and can help to minimize the risk of disputes and conflicts. Given the many benefits of a shareholder agreement, it is highly recommended that all startups have one in place from the very beginning.

Who should draft the documents for a startup?

When starting a new business, one of the critical steps is drafting essential documents that outline the company’s structure and operations. These documents generally include the articles of incorporation, bylaws, operating agreements, and partnership agreements, among others. The question that arises is who should draft these crucial documents for a startup?

While it may be tempting to rely on templates or self-drafting, it is advisable to seek the services of a professional attorney to draft these documents. Here are some reasons why:

Expertise and Attention to Detail

An attorney has the necessary expertise and experience to ensure that all documents comply with local, state, and federal laws, regulations and are consistent with the company’s vision and mission. An attorney’s attention to detail is crucial, as it ensures that all potential issues are identified and addressed in the documents. This can help avoid costly legal disputes in the future.


An attorney can customize the documents to meet the specific needs of the company. Every company is unique, and generic templates may not adequately capture the nuances of a particular business. By working with an attorney, a startup can tailor the documents to align with its specific objectives.


Startups are subject to a wide range of legal requirements and regulations that vary depending on the industry and location. An attorney can ensure that the documents comply with all applicable laws and regulations, reducing the risk of fines, penalties or legal liability.

Legal Protection

Working with an attorney minimizes the risk of legal disputes and lawsuits. In  the event of a dispute, having detailed contracts in place can help protect a company’s interests and provide guidance for resolving the issue. An attorney can also assist with other legal matters such as intellectual property protection.

Financial Benefits

Having legally sound documents may help startups access new sources of capital or investments from venture capitalists or traditional investors. Investors are more likely to be interested in a venture if it is properly structured and has the appropriate legal documents. Properly drafted contracts can also help minimize tax obligations or maximize deductions, creating financial benefits for both the company and investors.

These are just a few of the many reasons why companies should work with an attorney when developing key legal documents. An experienced attorney can provide guidance and advice to ensure that the documents are legally compliant, protecting the company from potential legal issues or disputes.


Starting any business can be overwhelming, and legal documents are often overlooked. However, to secure your business’s success, having the proper legal framework is crucial. By having these ten essential legal documents in place, startups can mitigate legal risks and focus on growth.

In conclusion, legal documents are a critical aspect of any startup’s success. By taking the time to secure these 10 essential legal documents, you can protect your business from potential legal issues and ensure your company’s long-term success.

Remember, it’s always best to consult with a legal professional to ensure your documents meet all legal requirements and adequately protect your interests. With the right legal documents in place, you can focus on growing your business with confidence and peace of mind. If you need assistance drafting these documents or any other legal guidance, please contact us at Collateral Base Firm.

Do you want a FREE Quote?

Give us a call about what you are looking for and we’ll let you know if we can help and how much we think it will cost. 

Thomas Howard

Business Lawyer & Consultant

At Collateral Base we help clients get organized, licensed, capitalized and exert their rights in court. We have #GoodProblems

Table of Contents

Related Posts

Need A Business Lawyer?

Call our law offices with your legal questions for help on:
  1. real estate contracts
  2. business contract disputes
  3. Shareholder litigation
  4. cannabis business
  5. fraud actions
  6. mechanic’s liens